What are the origins and customs of Ching Ming Festival?

What are the origins and customs of Ching Ming Festival?

During the Ching Ming period, there were many rains, and the people on the road wanted to break the soul.
What are the origins and customs of Ching Ming Festival?
Here is a small series to tell you what the origins and customs of Ching Ming Festival are.
  The Origin and Customs of Ching Ming Festival Qing Ming is one of the 24 solar terms of our country.
Since the 24 solar terms more objectively reflect the changes in temperature, rainfall, phenology and other aspects throughout the year, the ancient working people used it to arrange farming activities.
According to the saying “Year of the Year”: “All things grow at this time, they are clean and clear.
Therefore, it is clear.
The origin of Qingming The Qingming Festival has a total of 15 days.
As a clearing of the solar terms, time is after the spring equinox.
At this time, the winter has gone, the spring is full, the weather is clear, the four fields are clear, and nature shows vitality everywhere.
Calling this period with “Qingming” is a more appropriate word.
  China’s traditional Ching Ming Festival began around the Zhou Dynasty and has a history of more than 2,500 years.
It was not as important in the ancient days as the cold food festival of the previous day. Because the dates of the Qingming and Cold Food Festival were close, the folks gradually merged the customs of the two. In the Sui and Tang Dynasties (581-907), the Ching Ming Festival and the Cold Food Festival gradually merged into the sameA festival, the day of sweeping the tomb ancestor, today’s Ching Ming Festival.
Therefore, the Ching Ming Festival has become a fixed custom of the Chinese nation.
  Since the Cold Food Festival is connected to the Ching Ming Festival date, the descendants will incorporate the Cold Food Festival into the Ching Ming Festival, and the “Clean Legend” about the Cold Food Festival has become an important connotation of the Ching Ming Festival.
The origin of the Ching Ming Festival is closely related to the customs and the Cold Food Festival.
  The Cold Food Festival is an important festival in ancient China. It is also known as the “No-smoking Festival” and the “Cold Festival”. The date is generally one or two days before the Ching Ming Festival.
On this day, people want to ban smoking and eat cold food to express their memory and grief for the old people.
  The custom of banned fire and cold food in the Cold Food Festival stems from a legend of “cutting the meat and swearing the king”.
According to legend, during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, Jin Wengong’s ears were hungry in an exile. He always followed his loyal minister, Meson, to cut off the meat on his legs and cooked it for him, which made his ears very touched.
Later, when the monarch was the monarch to apprehend the group of ministers, he only forgot the meson push. Someone mentioned it to him, and he sent someone to ask for me.
However, the meson pushed to see the little man beside the ear, and then carried the old mother into the mountains.
In order to let the meson push down the mountain, the heavy ear ordered the mountain to burn, but it did not come down until the last meson.
When the fire was extinguished, people went up the mountain to see the meson pushed the mother and son to be burned to death by a willow tree. There was a letter written in the willow tree hole to the heavy ear, hoping to be honest and honest, and sympathize with the people.
The heavy ear is very sad. I ordered the memorization of the day after every meson, and the national ban on fire and cold food to commemorate.
  In the Ching Ming period, most of China’s spring returns to the earth, the sky is clear, the climate is warming, and everything is reviving. It is the best time for spring ploughing. The field is full of peasants’ busy figures. Folk songs often say: “Qingming Guyu twoConnected, soaking the fields and cultivating the fields.
As soon as the Qingming arrives, the temperature rises and the rainfall increases. It is a good time for spring planting.
Therefore, there are “farmings before and after the Qingming, ordering melons and beans”, “planting trees and afforestation, and not clearing the Ming Dynasty”.
The Ching Ming Festival is the traditional festival of our country and the most important festival of sacrifices. It is the day of worshipping the ancestors and sweeping the graves.
The sweeping of the tomb is commonly called the grave, and an activity to worship the dead.
Most of the Han and some ethnic minorities are sweeping graves during the Ching Ming Festival.
  The Customs of Qingming Festival The custom of Qingming Festival is rich and interesting. In addition to paying attention to the ban on fire, sweeping the tomb, there are also a series of customary sports activities such as walking, swinging, kicking, playing polo and inserting willow.
  1. Sweeping the tombs Qingming sweeps the tombs, which means that they respect the ancestors.
Its customs have been around for a long time.
In fact, the sweeping graves were there before the Qin, but not necessarily at the time of the Qingming, the Qingming sweeping the tomb was after the Qin.
It was only popular in the Tang Dynasty.
  There are still many customs of the Ching Ming Festival, such as 蹴鞠 and 青青, etc., there are small series below to continue to introduce you to other customs of Qingming.
  2, swinging This is the custom of the ancient Qingming Festival in China.Swing, which means pulling the rope and moving.
Its history is very old, the earliest called the autumn, and later to avoid taboos, changed to a swing.
In ancient times, the swings were made of tree lychees and tied with ribbons.
Later it gradually developed into a swing with two ropes and pedals.
The play of the swing has become popular in the Northern and Southern Dynasties.
  ”Jing Chu Sui Shi Ji” records: “In spring, the long ropes are hung in Gao Mu, and the ladies and women’s clothes are sitting on them and they are spurred by the name.
“The Tang Dynasty swinging swing has become a very common game and has become an important part of the Ching Ming Festival custom.
As the Qingming Dang Swing can be seen everywhere, the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties set the Qingming Festival for the Swing Festival, and the Royal Palace also has a swing for the Queens, the Emperor and the Palace ladies to play.
Playing a swing can not only improve health, but also foster courage and is loved by people, especially children.
  3, 蹴鞠 鞠 is a kind of ball, the ball skin is made of leather, and the ball is tight with hair.
Hey, just use your feet to play.
This is a game that people loved during the ancient Ching Ming Festival.
According to legend, the Yellow Emperor invented the original purpose of training warriors.
  4, stepping in the Qingming Festival, spring back to the earth, the natural world everywhere to present a vibrant scene, is a good time for an outing.
Our people have long maintained the habit of clearing the Qing Dynasty.
Legend has it that there was a clear-cut activity in the early days.
According to the “Old Tang Book”, it was recorded: “In the second day of February of the second year of the calendar, it was fortunate that Kunming Pool was green.
“It is obvious that the practice of walking on a youthful journey has long been popular.
  Du Fu has the verse of “going to the river and returning to see the flag.”
In the Song Dynasty, the wind was popular.
The famous literary painting of the famous painter Zhang Zeduan, “The Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival”, vividly depicts the lively scene of the Qingming Festival centered on the Wei River outside the Jingjing River.
In this picture, there are more than 550 characters, more than 50 livestock, more than 20 ships, and more than 20 cars and cars.
The glory of the Qingming Festival is evident.
  5. Flying a kite Flying a kite is also an activity that people love during the Ching Ming Festival.
During the Ching Ming Festival, people not only put it during the day but also at night.
At night, under the kites or on the wind-stable line, a string of colored lanterns, like twinkling stars, is called “the magic lamp.”
In the past, when some people put the kites on the blue sky, they cut off the match line and let the breeze send them to the ends of the earth. It is said that this can eliminate the disease and bring good luck to themselves.
  Knowing the origins and customs of Ching Ming Festival, let me introduce some taboos for Ching Ming Festival.
  Taboos for the Ching Ming Festival 1. People who are not suitable for grave-sweeping Pregnant women, children under the age of three, those who have just undergone surgery, those who are dark in Yintang or who are black and dark in the eye sockets, and people who are seriously ill are not suitable to go to the grave.
  2, Qingming energy-saving and can not do things (1) can not choose the Qingming Festival to talk about marriage, not even choose Qingming Festival marriage.
  (2) If the birthday is Ching Ming Festival, be careful to avoid yellow flowers. If the local customs are delayed, they should be followed.
  (3) Do not visit others on the day of Ching Ming Festival.
  (4) If you don’t have time to pay homage to the ancestors during the Ching Ming Festival, don’t make a promise, otherwise the fortune will not be what you want.
  (5) There are some places where there are cold foods and customs in the middle and the last three days before the Ching Ming Festival. It is better to observe this custom.
  (6) A daughter who is married outside can’t usually go back to her family to sweep the grave.
However, some areas are not afraid of this, and it is not wrong according to local customs.